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Part 2: Outline of the Survey Results


I. Family

2. Parent-child relationships

(1) Attitudes regarding parent-child relationships
Q1  [HAND R CARD 3] How do you feel about the following statements?
(SINGLE ANSWER ONLY PER LINE)
a. One should follow one's parents' opinions as much as possible

b. Children should become economically independent of their parents as early as possible
  1. Agree
  2. Somewhat agree  
  3. Somewhat disagree
  4. Disagree
  5. Do not know
  6. Refused

In regard to the statement "One should follow one's parents' opinions as much as possible, " 80.2% of Japanese youth answered 'Agree' ("Agree": 20.6% + "Somewhat agree": 59.5%).
     In regard to the statement "Children should become economically independent of their parents as early as possible, " 88.6% gave 'Agree' (same as above: 42.9% + 45.7%).

Table 1-2-1-1: Attitudes toward parent-child relationships (Japan) < CSV Data >
Table 1-2-1-1: Attitudes toward parent-child relationships (Japan)

Comparing the five countries, the statement "One should follow one's parents' opinions as much as possible" received the highest percentage of 'Agree' responses in South Korea (89.5%). This was followed in descending order by Japan (80.2%), the U.K. (75.7%), the U.S.A. (71.8%), and France (61.9%).
     The statement "Children should become economically independent of their parents as early as possible" received the most 'Agree' responses, in descending order, in Japan (88.6%), South Korea (83.7%), France (80.0%), the U.S.A. (76.7%), and the U.K. (75.1%).

Table 1-2-1-2: Attitudes toward parent-child relationships:
"One should follow one's parents' opinions as much as possible" (five-country comparison) < CSV Data >

Table 1-2-1-2: Attitudes toward parent-child relationships:"One should follow one's parents' opinions as much as possible" (five-country comparison)


Table 1-2-1-3: Attitudes toward parent-child relationships:
"Children should become economically independent of their parents as early as possible" (five-country comparison) < CSV Data >

Table 1-2-1-3: Attitudes toward parent-child relationships:"Children should become economically independent of their parents as early as possible"(five-country comparison)

In regard to the responses of Japanese youth to the statement "One should follow one's parents'opinions as much as possible, " a comparison with previous studies indicates that the percentage of those giving 'Agree' increased by 13 points.
     In regard to the statement "Children should become economically independent from their parents as early as possible, " a comparison with previous surveys indicates that Japanese youth giving the response 'Agree' increased 6 points over the previous survey.

Table 1-2-1-4: Attitudes toward parent-child relationships:
"One should follow one's parents' opinions as much as possible" (changes over the years) < CSV Data >

Table 1-2-1-4: Attitudes toward parent-child relationships:"One should follow one's parents' opinions as much as possible" (changes over the years)


Table 1-2-1-5: Attitudes toward parent-child relationships:
  "Children should become economically independent of their parents as early as possible" (changes over the years) < CSV Data >

Table 1-2-1-5: Attitudes toward parent-child relationships:"Children should become economically independent of their parents as early as possible"(changes over the years)

Japanese youth's responses to the statement "One should follow one's parents' opinions as much as possible, " when analyzed by gender difference, show no difference in the 'Agree' responses (males: 78.6%; females: 81.7%).
     The statement, "Children should become economically independent of their parents as early as possible, " when analyzed by gender difference among Japanese youth, reveals no difference in 'Agree' responses (same as above: 90.3%, 87.0%).

Table 1-2-1-6: Attitudes toward parent-child relationships:
  "One should follow one's parents' opinions as much as possible" (by gender) < CSV Data >

Table 1-2-1-6: Attitudes toward parent-child relationships:"One should follow one's parents' opinions as much as possible"(by gender)

Table 1-2-1-7: Attitudes toward parent-child relationships:
"Children should become economically independent from their parents as early as possible" (by gender) < CSV Data >

Table 1-2-1-7: Attitudes toward parent-child relationships:"Children should become economically independent from their parents as early as possible"(by gender)

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(2) Support of aged parents
Q2  [HAND R CARD 4] How would you feel about the prospect of taking care of your parents in their old age? Please choose the one answer that comes closest to your opinion.
(SINGLE ANSWER ONLY)
  1. I would take care of my parents regardless of the circumstances
  2. I would take care of my parents if I am financially able to
  3. I would leave them to their own resources and/or social security
  4. Do not know
  5. Refused

Attitudes of Japanese youth in regard to the support of aged parents reveal "I would take care of my parents if I am financially able to, " at 67.2%, as the response given most. The responses that followed were, in descending order, "I would take care of my parents regardless of the circumstances" (28.3%) and "I would leave them to their own resources and/or social security" (2.8%).

Comparing the five countries, the percentage of those giving "I would take care of my parents if I am financially able to" was the highest in Japan (67.2%) and followed, in descending order, by South Korea (60.3%), France (43.0%), the U.S.A. (29.6%), and the U.K. (26.2%). In contrast, the percentage of those giving "I would take care of my parents regardless of the circumstances" reached the 60-69% range in the U.K. (66.0%) and the U.S.A. (63.5%), and the 50-59% range in France (50.8%). Figures in South Korea (35.2%) and Japan (28.3%) followed those of North America and Europe by a large difference.

Table 1-2-2-1: Support of aged parents < CSV Data >
Table 1-2-2-1: Support of aged parents

A comparison with previous studies indicates that attitudes of Japanese youth toward the support of aged parents have not changed from previous surveys.


Table 1-2-2-2 Support of aged parents (changes over the years) < CSV Data >
Table 1-2-2-2 Support of aged parents (changes over the years)

Japanese youth's attitudes toward the support of aged parents, when viewed for gender differences, revealed no differences.

Table 1-2-2-3: Support of aged parents (by gender) < CSV Data >

Table 1-2-2-3: Support of aged parents (by gender)

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(3)My own post-retirement life
Q3  [HAND R CARD 5] Do you want to have your own children take care of you when you become elderly? Choose only one answer from this card.
(SINGLE ANSWER ONLY)
  1. Agree
  2. Somewhat agree  
  3. Somewhat disagree
  4. Disagree
  5. Do not know
  6. Refused

Upon being asked if they would like to be taken care of by their own children when they become elderly, 47.2% of Japanese youth responded 'Agree' ("Agree": 10.6% + "Somewhat agree": 36.6%).
     Comparing the five countries, the percentage of those giving 'Agree' was the highest in the U.K., at 70.1%. The order following that was the U.S.A. (67.5%), France (62.3%), Japan (47.2%), and South Korea (41.2%).


Table 1-2-3-1: My own post-retirement life < CSV Data >
Table 1-2-3-1: My own post-retirement life

Among Japanese youth, analysis by gender difference showed that a higher percentage of females than males gave 'Agree' (males: 43.5%; females: 50.7%).

Table 1-2-3-2: My own post-retirement life (by gender) < CSV Data >
Table 1-2-3-2: My own post-retirement life (by gender)

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