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Part 2: Outline of the Survey Results


III. Job

1.Job

(1) Work situation
Q11 (F7)  [HAND R CARD 13] Next, we will ask you about your work. Which one of the statements on the card best describes your work situation? Please choose only one answer.
(SINGLE ANSWER ONLY)
  1. I have a full-time job (not a pupil or student (including graduate students))
  2. I have a part-time job (including any side jobs and not a pupil or student)
  3. I am a pupil or student (including graduate students) and have a full-time job
  4. I am a pupil or student (including graduate students) and usually have a part-time job or a side job
  5. I am a pupil or student (including graduate students) but usually do not work or have a part-time job or a side job
  6. I am currently unemployed
  7. I do not work for pay
  8. I am a homemaker
  9. Do not know
  10. Refused

A look at the work situation of Japanese youth shows that "I have a full-time job (not a pupil or student (including graduate students))" was given by 34.3%, "I am a pupil or student (including graduate students) and usually have a part-time job or a side job" by 22.8%, and "I am a pupil or student (including graduate students) but usually do not work or have a part-time job or a side job" by 22.4%.

Comparing the five countries, in South Korea, "I am a pupil or student but usually do not work or have a part-time job or a side job" was given by 46.5%, "I am a pupil or student and usually have a part-time job or a side job" was given by 22.7%, and "I have a full-time job" was given by 15.9%.
      In the U.S.A., similar to Japan, the responses, in descending order, were "I have a full-time job" (31.7%), "I am a pupil or student and usually have a part-time job or a side job" (27.7%), and "I am a pupil or student but usually do not work or have a part-time job or a side job" (17.7%).
      In the U.K., "I have a full-time job, " at 39.0%, was given most. The other responses were given in the 10-19% range: "I am a pupil or student but usually do not work or have a part-time job or a side job" (14.5%), "I am currently unemployed" (13.2%), and "I am a pupil or student and usually have a part-time job or a side job" (12.9%).
      In France, "I am a pupil or student but usually do not work or have a part-time job or a side job" was given by 41.6%, "I have a full-time job" by 23.2%, and "I am a pupil or student and usually have a part-time job or a side job" by 15.9%.

Table 3-1-1-1: Work situation < CSV Data >
Table 3-1-1-1: Work situation

An analysis of Japanese youth by gender difference shows that the percentage of those giving "I have a part-time job (including any side jobs and not a pupil or student)" (males: 10.2%; females: 17.0%) was higher among females than males.

Table 3-1-1-2: Work situation (by gender) < CSV Data >
Table 3-1-1-2: Work situation (by gender)

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(2) Job category
[ASK Q's 12-13 IF ANSWERED Q11 WITH ANY OF ANSWERS 1 THROUGH 4, AND ARE WORKING]
Q12 (F8)  [HAND R CARD 14] What kind of work do you do? Please choose only one answer from this card.
(SINGLE ANSWER ONLY)
  1. Professional: i.e., Researcher, engineer, teacher, doctor, pharmacist, nurse, lawyer, judge, public prosecutor, certified public accountant, tax accountant, religious worker, reporter, author, artist, actor, professional sports player, private tutoring school teacher, private tutor, instructor, etc.
  2. Managerial: President, supervisor, officer, director, large company owner, etc.
  3. Self-employed: Owner of a small establishment such as a retail shop, wholesale shop, and restaurant or owner of a small factory, etc.
  4. Clerical: General clerical worker, secretary, typist, bookkeeper, money collector, etc.
  5. Salesperson: Sales clerk and salesman etc. at a retail shop (including department stores, supermarkets) and a wholesale shop
  6. Security: Member of the armed forces, policeman, fireman, security guard, etc.
  7. Occupation related to agriculture, forestry, and fishery, for example, self-employed or laborer in agriculture, forestry, or fishery; farm manager, etc. (including family workers)
  8. Skilled worker: Occupations that require licensing and/or many years of experience, such as craftsman, carpenter, electrician, painter, cutter, driver, etc.
  9. Unskilled worker and simple laborer: Factory worker, etc. which is not included in 08, and which does not require special qualifications and many years of experience
  10. Service worker: Employee at a barber shop and a beauty salon, cabin attendant, etc.
  11. Laborer other than in agriculture, forestry, fisheries, and mining industry: Gatekeeper, garage attendant, street sweeper, warehouse worker, gardener, etc.
  12. Other (specifically,            )
  13. Do not know
  14. Refused

Among Japanese youth, the job category given by the largest percentage was "Service worker, " at 24.7%. The responses that followed were, in descending order, "Professional" (22.4%), "Salesperson" (16.7%), and "Clerical" (14.9%).

Comparing the five countries, in South Korea the responses given, in descending order, were "Clerical" (27.4%), "Service worker" (26.2%), and "Salesperson" (23.0%).
      In the U.S.A., the response given by the largest percentage was "Salesperson, " at 20.1%. The responses that followed were, in descending order, "Unskilled worker and simple laborer" (15.0%), "Service worker" (14.5%), "Clerical" (13.4%), and "Professional" (12.4%).
      In the U.K., the responses "Unskilled worker and simple laborer" (19.3%), "Skilled worker" (16.6%), "Salesperson" (16.2%), "Clerical" (14.8%), and "Service worker" (11.5%) were all given in the 10-19% range.
      In France, the response given most was "Service worker, " at 32.1%. The responses that followed were, in descending order, "Skilled worker" (19.0%), "Salesperson" (14.4%), and "Clerical" (13.6%).

Table 3-1-2-1: Job category < CSV Data >
Table 3-1-2-1: Job category

A comparison with the previous survey on Japanese youth shows that the percentage of those giving "Professional" (14.8% in the seventh to 22.4% in the eighth) increased 8 points over the previous survey.

Table 3-1-2-2: Job category (changes over the years) < CSV Data >
Table 3-1-2-2: Job category (changes over the years)

An analysis of Japanese youth by gender difference shows that a larger percentage of females than males gave "Clerical" (males: 6.8%, females: 22.8%), while more males gave "Skilled worker" (same as above: 12.8%, 1.3%) and "Unskilled worker and simple laborer" (same as above: 10.2%, 3.6%).

Table 3-1-2-3: Job category (by gender) < CSV Data >
Table 3-1-2-3: Job category (by gender)

A breakdown by job type of Japanese youth shows that among those working full-time, the largest percentage gave "Professional" (32.9%). Among those working part-time and students, "Service worker" (part-time: 30.2%; students: 46.5%) was given most.

Table 3-1-2-4: Job category (by job) < CSV Data >
Table 3-1-2-4: Job category (by job)

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(3) How did you find your current job?
[ASK Q13 IF ANSWERED Q11 WITH ANY OF ANSWERS 1 THROUGH 4]
Q13  [HAND R CARD 15] How did you find your current job? Please select as many of the items on the card as apply.
(MULTIPLE ANSWERS POSSIBLE)
  1. Saw an ad in a newspaper, magazine or on a poster, etc.
  2. Inquired directly at the workplace
  3. Through a school
  4. Through a family member or relative
  5. Through a friend or acquaintance
  6. Through an employment agency
  7. On an Internet site for job seeking or job changing
  8. Followed into the family business
  9. Other (specifically,                           )
  10. Do not know
  11. Refused

Among Japanese youth, the most common means of finding current jobs were "Saw an ad in a newspaper, magazine, or on a poster, etc." (23.7%) and "Through a school" (23.6%), which were given by more or less the same percentage. The responses that followed were, in descending order, "Through a friend or acquaintance" (18.9%), "On an Internet site for job seeking or job changing" (12.6%), and "Inquired directly at the workplace" (12.2%).

Comparing the five countries, in South Korea, "Through a friend or acquaintance, " at 37.7%, was given most. The responses that followed were, in descending order, "On an Internet site for job seeking or job changing" (19.6%), "Inquired directly at the workplace" (17.0%), "Through a family member or relative" (15.7%), and "Saw an ad in a newspaper, magazine, or on a poster, etc." (13.0%).
      In contrast, in the U.S.A., given most were "Through a friend or acquaintance" (28.6%) and "Inquired directly at the workplace" (28.0%), both given by more or less the same percentage. The responses that followed were, in descending order, "Through a family member or relative" (19.3%) and "Saw an ad in a newspaper, magazine, or on a poster, etc." (12.7%).
      In the U.K., "Inquired directly at the workplace" (19.3%), "Through a family member or relative" (17.1%), "Saw an ad in a newspaper, magazine, or on a poster, etc." (17.1%), "Through a friend or acquaintance" (14.6%), and "Through an employment agency" (14.0%) were all given in the 10-19% range.
      In France, "Inquired directly at the workplace, " at 34.3%, was given most. The responses that followed were, in descending order, "Through a friend or acquaintance" (28.9%), "Saw an ad in a newspaper, magazine, or on a poster, etc." (19.8%), "Through a family member or relative" (14.0%), and "Through an employment agency" (12.8%).

Table 3-1-3-1: How did you find your current job? < CSV Data >

Table 3-1-3-1: How did you find your current job?

A comparison with the previous survey on Japanese youth shows that the percentage of those giving "Saw an ad in a newspaper, magazine, or on a poster, etc." (31.3% in the seventh to 23.7% in the eighth) fell 8 points short of the previous survey.

Table 3-1-3-2: How did you find your current job? (changes over the years) < CSV Data >
Table 3-1-3-2: How did you find your current job? (changes over the years)

An analysis of Japanese youth by gender difference shows that there were no differences.

Table 3-1-3-3: How did you find your current job? (by gender) < CSV Data >
Table 3-1-3-3: How did you find your current job? (by gender)

A breakdown by job type of Japanese youth shows that the largest percentage of those working full-time gave "Through a school" (42.0%), while the dominant response of those working part-time and students was "Saw an ad in a newspaper, magazine, or on a poster, etc." (part-time: 36.9%; students: 38.6%).

Table 3-1-3-4: How did you find your current job? (by job) < CSV Data >
Table 3-1-3-4: How did you find your current job? (by job)

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