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Part 2: Outline of the Survey Results


III. Job

2. Experiential work activities (career education)

(1) Effectiveness of career education
[ASK Q14 IF ANSWERED Q11 WITH ANSWERS 1 or 3, AND ARE WORKING FULL TIME]
Q14  [HAND R CARD 16] As a part of the school curriculum when you were a student (including primary and secondary school), were work experience related activities, such as actual working experience, taking part in entrepreneurial simulations, or hearing lectures from company employees regarding work, useful when you were seeking your current job? Please choose only one of the answers on the card. (SINGLE ANSWER ONLY)

[ASK Q16 IF ANSWERED Q15 WITH ANY OF ANSWERS 1 THROUGH 3]
Q16  [HAND R CARD 18] As a part of the school curriculum when you were a student (including primary and secondary school), were work experience related activities, such as actual working experience, taking part in entrepreneurial simulations, or hearing lectures from company employees regarding work, useful when you were choosing the occupation you would like to pursue in the future?  Please choose only one of the answers on the card. (SINGLE ANSWER ONLY)
  1. They were useful
  2. They were somewhat useful
  3. They were not very useful
  4. They were not useful
  5. I have not taken part in any work experience related activities
  6. Do not know
  7. Refused

Upon being asked about the effectiveness of career education, among Japanese youth 54.2% of those working full-time answered 'They were useful' ("They were useful": 26.8% + "They were somewhat useful": 27.4%), while the same was given by 48.9% of those not working full-time who intend on working in the future and/or have a desired job category (same as above: 20.9% + 28.0%).
      The percentage of those giving "I have not taken part in any work experience related activities" were 17.1% among those working full-time and 26.5% among those not working full-time who intend on working in the future and/or have a desired job category.

Table 3-2-1-1:  Effectiveness of career education ( Japan ) < CSV Data >

Table 3-2-1-1:?Effectiveness of career education ( Japan )

Comparing the five countries in terms of the perceived effectiveness of career education, among those working full-time, the descending order of the percentage of those giving 'They were useful' was France (76.1%), the U.K. (59.5%), the U.S.A. (55.6%), Japan (54.2%), and South Korea (49.5%).
      Among those not currently working full-time but intending on working in the future and in possession of a desired job category, the percentage of those giving 'They were useful' was more or less similar in the U.S.A. (64.7%) and the U.K. (63.9%). The descending order of that same percentage was France (60.0%), South Korea (50.4%), and Japan (48.9%).

Table 3-2-1-2: Effectiveness of career education: "Current full-time" (five-country comparison) < CSV Data >

Table 3-2-1-2: Effectiveness of career education: "Current full-time" (five-country comparison)


Table 3-2-1-3: Effectiveness of career education: "Not full-time but intending on working and has desired job category" (five-country comparison) < CSV Data >

Table 3-2-1-3: Effectiveness of career education: "Not full-time but intending on working and has desired job category"(five-country comparison)

An analysis by gender of the perceived effective of career education among Japanese youth working full-time shows that the percentage of females giving 'They were useful' (males: 45.4%; females: 63.4%) was higher.
      In contrast, among those not currently working full-time but intending on working in the future and in possession of a desired job category, there was no difference by gender.

Table 3-2-1-4: Effectiveness of career education: "Current full-time" (by gender) < CSV Data >

Table 3-2-1-4: Effectiveness of career education: "Current full-time" (by gender)

Table 3-2-1-5: Effectiveness of career education: "Not full-time but intending on working and has desired job category"
                                                                             (by gender) < CSV Data >

Table 3-2-1-5: Effectiveness of career education: "Not full-time but intending on working and has desired job category"(by gender)

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(2) Willingness to receive career education
[ASK Q17 IF ANSWERED Q14 OR Q16 WITH ANSWER 5, THAT IS, HAVE NOT TAKEN PART IN ANY WORK EXPERIENCE RELATED ACTIVITIES]
Q17  Would you like to take part (or would you like to have taken part) in work experience related activities, such as actual working experience, taking part in entrepreneurial simulations, or hearing lectures from company employees regarding work?
(SINGLE ANSWER ONLY)
  1. Yes
  2. No
  3. Do not know
  4. Refused

When Japanese youth who have never received career education were asked if they would like to engage in job-related experiential activities such as hands-on experience in actually working, simulated entrepreneurship, and lectures by those who work for companies, 58.6% answered "Yes."

Comparing the five countries, the incidence of those willing to receive career education ("Yes" responses) were in the 60-69% range in France (68.0%) and South Korea (67.9%), scores with parity more or less. The descending order elsewhere was Japan (58.6%), the U.K. (39.0%), and the U.S.A. (28.1%).

Table 3-2-2-1: Willingness to receive career education < CSV Data >

Table 3-2-2-1: Willingness to receive career education

An analysis of Japanese youth by gender difference shows that a higher percentage of the males answered "No" (males: 28.8%; females: 19.6%), thus indicating no willingness to receive career education.

Table 3-2-2-2: Willingness to receive career education (by gender) < CSV Data >

Table 3-2-2-2: Willingness to receive career education (by gender)

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(3) Willingness to work full-time
 [ASK Q15 IF ANSWERED Q11 WITH ANY OF ANSWERS 2 OR 4 THROUGH 7]
Q15  [HAND R CARD 17] Is there an occupation in which you have the intention or desire to seek employment as a full-time employee? Please choose only one of the statements on the card.
(SINGLE ANSWER ONLY)
  1. I intend to seek employment, and have a desired profession
  2. I intend to seek employment, but have not decided on a desired profession
  3. I do not intend to seek employment at this time, but I have a desired profession
  4. I do not intend to seek employment at this time, and do not have a desired profession
  5. Do not know
  6. Refused

Upon being asked, 46.5% of Japanese youth not working full-time who have a willingness to work full-time and a desired job category responded "I intend to seek employment, and have a desired profession;" 30.3% gave "I intend to seek employment, but have not decided on a desired profession."

Comparing the five countries, in South Korea, "I intend to seek employment, and have a desired profession" was given by 56.6%, while "I intend to seek employment, but have not decided on a desired profession" was given by 24.6%.
     In the U.S.A. and the U.K., "I intend to seek employment, and have a desired profession" was given in the 40-49% range ( U.S.A. : 47.1%; U.K. : 43.6%), while "I intend to seek employment, but have not decided on a desired profession" was given in the 20-29% range (same as above: 25.8%, 24.4%).
      In contrast, in France, "I do not intend to seek employment at this time, and do not have a desired profession, " at 38.4%, was given most, while "I intend to seek employment, and have a desired profession" was given by 27.6%.

Table 3-2-3-1: Willingness to work full-time < CSV Data >

Table 3-2-3-1: Willingness to work full-time

An analysis of Japanese youth by gender difference shows that there were no differences.

Table 3-2-3-2: Willingness to work full-time (by gender) < CSV Data >

Table 3-2-3-2: Willingness to work full-time (by gender)

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