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Part 2: Outline of the Survey Results


III. Job

3. Sense of belonging to the work place/satisfaction

(1) Job change
Q18 (F9)  [HAND R CARD 19] How many times have you changed your job since you finished school?
(SINGLE ANSWER ONLY)
  1. I have never changed my job
  2. Once (current job is the second job)
  3. Twice (current job is the third job)
  4. Three times (current job is the fourth job)
  5. Four times or more
  6. I have never had a full-time job
  7. Do not know
  8. Refused

When Japanese youth were asked about job changes thus far, "Once (current job is the second job)" was given by 7.8%, "Twice (current job is the third job)" by 4.2%, "Three times (current job is the fourth job)" by 1.8%, "Four times or more" by 2.9%, and "I have never changed my job" by 45.0%.
      "I have never had a full-time job" was given by 37.6%.

Comparing the five countries, the percentage of those giving "I have never changed my job" was the highest in Japan (45.0%). The descending order elsewhere was the U.K. (27.4%), the U.S.A. (22.0%), France (16.5%), and South Korea (13.1%).
The response "I have never had a full-time job" was given in the 60-60% range in France (65.3%) and South Korea (64.7%). The descending order elsewhere was Japan (37.6%), the U.S.A. (26.7%), and the U.K. (26.5%).

Table 3-3-1-1: Job change < CSV Data >

Table 3-3-1-1: Job change

An analysis of Japanese youth by gender difference shows that there were no differences.

Table 3-3-1-2: Job change (by gender) < CSV Data >

Table 3-3-1-2: Job change (by gender)

A breakdown by job type among Japanese youth shows that a higher percentage of those working part-time had changed jobs: "Once" (full-time: 11.2%; part-time: 16.8%), "Twice" (same as above: 4.0%, 10.1%). In contrast, the percentage of those giving "I have never changed my job" (same as above: 78.9%, 34.2%) was 45 points higher among those working full-time than those working part-time.

Table 3-3-1-3: Job change (by job) < CSV Data >

Table 3-3-1-3: Job change (by job)

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(2) Satisfaction with life at work
[ASK Q19 IF ANSWERED Q11 WITH ANY OF ANSWERS 1 THROUGH 4 AND ARE WORKING]
Q19  [HAND R CARD 20] Are you satisfied or dissatisfied with your work life?
(SINGLE ANSWER ONLY)
  1. Satisfied
  2. Somewhat satisfied
  3. Somewhat dissatisfied
  4. Dissatisfied
  5. Do not know
  6. Refused

A look at Japanese youth's satisfaction with life at work shows that 74.9% gave 'Satisfied' ("Satisfied": 32.8% + "Somewhat satisfied": 42.1%).

Comparing the five countries, in all countries 'Satisfied' accounted for the majority of responses. The highest percentage of 'Satisfied' responses was given in France (90.6%). The descending order else where was the U.K. (85.5%), the U.S.A. (83.5%), Japan (74.9%), and South Korea (72.1%).

Table 3-3-2-1: Satisfaction with life at work < CSV Data >

Table 3-3-2-1: Satisfaction with life at work

A comparison with the previous survey on Japanese youth shows that since the sixth survey the percentage of those giving 'Satisfied' has surpassed the 70% mark.

Table 3-3-2-2: Satisfaction with life at work (changes over the years) < CSV Data >

Table 3-3-2-2: Satisfaction with life at work (changes over the years)

An analysis of Japanese youth by gender difference shows that there were no differences.

Table 3-3-2-3: Satisfaction with life at work (by gender) < CSV Data >

Table 3-3-2-3: Satisfaction with life at work (by gender)

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(3) View on changing careers
Q21  [HAND R CARD 22] There are a variety of opinions about changing jobs.
Select the one item from the list on the card that most closely matches your feelings about changing jobs.
(SINGLE ANSWER ONLY)
  1. Even if life at work is really tough, a person shouldn't change jobs; a person should work for the same company for all their working life
  2. If a person is very dissatisfied with conditions at his or her place of current employment, he/she has no choice but to change jobs
  3. If a person is dissatisfied with conditions at his or her place of current employment, it is better to change jobs
  4. Even if a person is not dissatisfied with conditions at his or her place of current employment, it is best to change jobs to make the most of his or her individual abilities
  5. Do not know
  6. Refused

When Japanese youth were asked for their views on changing jobs, the largest percentage gave "If a person is very dissatisfied with conditions at his or her place of current employment, he/she has no choice but to change jobs" (57.5%). "If a person is dissatisfied with conditions at his or her place of current employment, it is better to change jobs" was given by 17.2%, and "Even if a person is not dissatisfied with conditions at his or her place of current employment, it is best to change jobs to make the most of his or her individual abilities" by 10.7%.
      "Even if life at work is really tough, a person shouldn't change jobs; a person should work for the same company for all their working life" was given by 12.5%.

Comparing the five countries, in South Korea, similar to Japan, "If a person is very dissatisfied with conditions at his or her place of current employment, he/she has no choice but to change jobs" was given by the largest percentage (35.3%). The response "Even if a person is not dissatisfied with conditions at his or her place of current employment, it is best to change jobs to make the most of his or her individual abilities" (29.4%) was given by 19 points more than in Japan.
      The response given most in the U.S.A., the U.K., and France was "If a person is dissatisfied with conditions at his or her place of current employment, it is better to change jobs" ( U.S.A. : 54.5%; U.K. : 55.3%; France: 45.7%). The descending order of the other responses was "If a person is very dissatisfied with conditions at his or her place of current employment, he/she has no choice but to change jobs" (same as above: 20.6%, 20.6%, 32.3%) and "Even if a person is not dissatisfied with conditions at his or her place of current employment, it is best to change jobs to make the most of his or her individual abilities" (same as above: 14.3%, 17.0%, 15.6%).

Table 3-3-3-1: View on changing careers < CSV Data >

Table 3-3-3-1: View on changing careers

A comparison with previous surveys on Japanese youth indicates that the percentages giving "If a person is very dissatisfied with conditions at his or her place of current employment, he/she has no choice but to change jobs" and "Even if life at work is really tough, a person shouldn't change jobs; a person should work for the same company for all their working life" have been on the increase since the sixth survey.

Table 3-3-3-2: View on changing careers (changes over the years) < CSV Data >

Table 3-3-3-2: View on changing careers (changes over the years)

An analysis of Japanese youth by gender difference shows that the a higher percentage of females than males gave "If a person is very dissatisfied with conditions at his or her place of current employment, he/she has no choice but to change jobs" (males: 52.2%; females: 62.7%), while a higher percentage of males gave "Even if life at work is really tough, a person shouldn't change jobs; a person should work for the same company for all their working life" (same as above: 15.8%, 9.2%).

Table 3-3-3-3: View on changing careers (by gender) < CSV Data >

Table 3-3-3-3: View on changing careers (by gender)

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