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Part 2: Outline of the Survey Results


III. Job

4. View on work

(1) Important factors when seeking employment
Q20  [HAND R CARD 21] Which of the factors on the card do you consider important when you are seeking employment? Please choose as many as applicable from the list on the card.
(MULTIPLE ANSWERS POSSIBLE)
  1. Earnings
  2. Hours of work
  3. Ease of commute
  4. Job description
  5. Atmosphere of the workplace
  6. Social significance of the job
  7. Stability of the business of the employer and the job
  8. Future prospects of the job
  9. Opportunities to apply your expert knowledge or technical skills
  10. Opportunities to further your skills
  11. Opportunities to realize your potential
  12. Other (specifically,                         )
  13. Do not know
  14. Refused

Japanese youth gave most "Job description, " at 69.3%, as the factor they considered important when selecting a job. The responses that followed were, in descending order, "Earnings" (67.8%), "Atmosphere of the workplace" (58.6%), "Hours of work" (46.2%), "Opportunities to realize your potential" (40.8%), and "Ease of commute" (38.8%).

Comparing the five countries, in the four countries other than Japan, "Earnings" ( South Korea : 82.7%; U.S.A. : 88.7%; U.K. : 81.4%; France: 76.8%) was given most.
      The response that followed in South Korea was "Future prospects of the job" (49.8%), while in the U.S.A. and the U.K. it was "Hours of work" ( U.S.A. : 73.9%; U.K. : 65.2%). In France, "Job description" (48.4%) was second highest.

Table 3-4-1-1: Important factors when seeking employment < CSV Data >

Table 3-4-1-1: Important factors when seeking employment

A comparison with the previous survey on Japanese youth shows that "Atmosphere of the workplace" (44.3% in the seventh to 58.6%in the eighth) was given by 14 points more than in the previous survey. Other responses given by a higher percentage than in the previous survey were "Future prospects of the job" (same as above: 28.6% to 33.9%), "Opportunities to further your skills" (same as above: 20.7% to 30.1%), "Stability of the business of the employer and the job" (same as above: 19.6% to 28.3%), and "Social significance of the job" (same as above: 9.6% to 15.6%).

Table 3-4-1-2: Important factors when seeking employment (changes over the years) < CSV Data >
Table 3-4-1-2: Important factors when seeking employment (changes over the years)

An analysis of Japanese youth by gender difference shows that among both males and females "Job description" (males: 69.0%; females: 69.6%) was given by the highest percentage. The responses that followed were "Earnings" (same as above: 68.8%, 66.8%) and "Atmosphere of the workplace" (same as above: 51.3%, 65.8%).
      "Atmosphere of the workplace" and "Ease of commute" (same as above: 33.3%, 44.2%) were given by higher percentages of females than males, while "Future prospects of the job" (same as above: 42.6%, 25.4%) and "Opportunities to further your skills" (same as above: 33.8%, 26.4%) were given by more males than females.

Table 3-4-1-3: Important factors when seeking employment (by gender) < CSV Data >
Table 3-4-1-3: Important factors when seeking employment (by gender)

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(2) Promotion and salary increase
Q22  [HAND R CARD 23] Which one of the ways on this card do you consider best for deciding on promotions and salary increases? Please choose only one of the statements on the card.
(SINGLE ANSWER ONLY)
  1. Solely on the basis of seniority
  2. Mainly on the basis of seniority, but performance should also be considered
  3. Mainly on the basis of performance, but seniority should also be considered
  4. Solely on the basis of performance
  5. Do not know
  6. Refused

When asked for their preferences for best deciding on promotions and salary increases, the largest percentage of Japanese youth gave "Mainly on the basis of performance, but seniority should also be considered" (45.3%). This was followed by "Mainly on the basis of seniority, but performance should also be considered, " at 36.1%.

Comparing the five countries, in South Korea, "Mainly on the basis of seniority, but performance should also be considered" (41.3%) and "Mainly on the basis of performance, but seniority should also be considered" (40.5%) were given in almost equal numbers.
      In contrast, in the U.S.A., "Mainly on the basis of performance, but seniority should also be considered, " at 51.4%, was given most. This was followed by "Solely on the basis of performance, " at 26.7%.
      In the U.K., "Solely on the basis of performance" (36.6%) and "Mainly on the basis of performance, but seniority should also be considered" (34.2%) were both given in the 30-39% range by very close numbers.
      In France, "Mainly on the basis of performance, but seniority should also be considered, " at 48.2%, was given most. "Mainly on the basis of seniority, but performance should also be considered" (23.7%) and "Solely on the basis of performance" (22.1%) were given in the 20-29% range.

Table 3-4-2-1: Promotion and salary increase < CSV Data >

Table 3-4-2-1: Promotion and salary increase

A comparison with the previous survey on Japanese youth shows that "Mainly on the basis of seniority, but performance should also be considered" (25.8% in the seventh to 36.1% in the eighth) was given by 10 points more than in the previous survey.

Table 3-4-2-2: Promotion and salary increase (changes over the years) < CSV Data >

Table 3-4-2-2: Promotion and salary increase (changes over the years)

An analysis of Japanese youth by gender difference shows that, "Mainly on the basis of seniority, but performance should also be considered" (males: 32.3%; females: 39.9%) was given by a higher percentage of females than males.

Table 3-4-2-3: Promotion and salary increase (by gender) < CSV Data >

Table 3-4-2-3: Promotion and salary increase (by gender)

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