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Part 2: Outline of the Survey Results


V. Nation and Society

2. View on society

(1) Satisfaction with society
Q34  [HAND R CARD 32] Are you satisfied or dissatisfied with the society in your country?
(SINGLE ANSWER ONLY)
  1. Satisfied
  2. Somewhat satisfied
  3. Somewhat dissatisfied
  4. Dissatisfied
  5. Do not know
  6. Refused

A look at the findings regarding satisfaction with society shows that 'Satisfied' was given by 43.9% ("Satisfied": 7.2% + "Somewhat satisfied": 36.7%).

Comparing the five countries, the percentage of those giving 'Satisfied' was the highest in the U.S.A. (67.6%). Elsewhere the order was the U.K. (61.2%), France (46.8%), Japan (43.9%), and South Korea (41.6%).

Table 5-2-1-1: Satisfaction with society < CSV Data >

Table 5-2-1-1: Satisfaction with society

A comparison with the previous survey on Japanese youth shows that the percentage of those giving 'Satisfied' increased 8 points over the previous survey (35.5% in the seventh to 43.9% in the eighth).

Table 5-2-1-2: Satisfaction with society (changes over the years) < CSV Data >

Table 5-2-1-2: Satisfaction with society (changes over the years)

An analysis of Japanese youth by gender difference shows that there were no differences.

Table 5-2-1-3: Satisfaction with society (by gender) < CSV Data >

Table 5-2-1-3: Satisfaction with society (by gender)

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(2) Problems in society
Q35  [HAND R CARD 33] What do you think are the problems in your country? Choose as many answers as appropriate from this card.
(MULTIPLE ANSWERS POSSIBLE)
  1. Too much importance is placed on one's social status and family background
  2. People are discriminated against by sex
  3. People are discriminated against by race
  4. There are discrepancies in income and occupation among people with different educational background
  5. Things that should be done are not always done
  6. There is too much difference in income between the wealthy and the poor
  7. Those who work diligently are not rewarded
  8. The views of young people are not taken into consideration
  9. Law and order are too weak
  10. Morals are weak
  11. It is difficult to find a job, and many people are unemployed
  12. Social welfare for the elderly and the handicapped is not enough
  13. People are indifferent to the destruction of the environment
  14. The political system is flawed
  15. Other (specifically,                                                      )  
  16. Nothing in particular
  17. Do not know
  18. Refused

At 51.2%, given the most by Japanese youth as a problem in their society was "Social welfare for the elderly and the handicapped is not enough." The responses that followed were "The political system is flawed" (47.9%), "There are discrepancies in income and occupation among people with different educational backgrounds" (44.8%), "People are indifferent to the destruction of the environment" (38.8%), "It is difficult to find a job, and many people are unemployed" (36.1%), and "Things that should be done are not always done" (36.0%).

Comparing the five countries, in South Korea the main responses were given by around 65%:"It is difficult to find a job, and many people are unemployed" (65.4%), "There are discrepancies in income and occupation among people with different educational backgrounds" (65.0%), and "There is too much difference in income between the wealthy and the poor" (64.8%). The responses that followed were, in descending order, "Too much importance is placed on one's social status and family background" (51.9%), "The political system is flawed" (49.3%), and "Social welfare for the elderly and the handicapped is not enough" (41.5%).
      In contrast, in the U.S.A., "Things that should be done are not always done, " at 50.7%, was given by the most. The responses that followed were, in descending order, "There are discrepancies in income and occupation among people with different educational backgrounds" (48.8%), "Too much importance is placed on one's social status and family background" (47.4%), "People are discriminated against by race" (46.2%), and "There is too much difference in income between the wealthy and the poor " (45.2%).
      In the U.K., given by the highest percentage was "Law and order are too weak, " at 44.0%. This was followed, in descending order, by "People are discriminated against by race" (39.7%), "There is too much difference in income between the wealthy and the poor " (37.5%), "It is difficult to find a job, and many people are unemployed" (37.4%), and "Things that should be done are not always done" (35.9%).
      In France, "It is difficult to find a job, and many people are unemployed" (58.8%) and "There is too much difference in income between the wealthy and the poor" (58.1%) were both given by almost the same percentages, both in the 50-59% range. The responses that followed were, in descending order, "People are discriminated against by race" (47.0%), "The views of young people are not taken into consideration" (40.4%), and "Too much importance is placed on one's social status and family background" (37.6%).

Table 5-2-2-1: Problems in society < CSV Data >
Table 5-2-2-1: Problems in society

A comparison with the previous survey on Japanese youth shows that the percentages of those giving "Social welfare for the elderly and the handicapped is not enough" (34.5% in the seventh to 51.2% in the eighth), "People are indifferent to the destruction of the environment " (same as above: 31.7% to 38.8%), "Things that should be done are not always done" (same as above: 27.4% to 36.0%), "There is too much difference in income between the wealthy and the poor" (same as above: 11.4% to 30.6%), and "Those who work diligently are not rewarded" (same as above: 19.6% to 27.0%) increased over the previous survey.
      In contrast, the percentage of those giving "It is difficult to find a job, and many people are unemployed" (same as above: 64.6% to 36.1%) fell 29 points short of the percentage yielded by the previous survey.

Table 5-2-2-2: Problems in society (changes over the years) < CSV Data >
Table 5-2-2-2: Problems in society (changes over the years)

An analysis of Japanese youth by gender difference shows that higher percentages of females than males gave "Social welfare for the elderly and the handicapped is not enough" (males: 45.0%, females: 57.2%), "It is difficult to find a job, and many people are unemployed" (same as above: 32.3%, 39.7%), and "Law and order are too weak" (same as above: 14.5%, 22.5%), while higher percentages of males than females gave "Things that should be done are not always done" (same as above: 43.1%, 29.0%) and "Those who work diligently are not rewarded" (same as above: 30.3%, 23.7%).

Table 5-2-2-3: Problems in society (by gender) < CSV Data >
Table 5-2-2-3: Problems in society (by gender)

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