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Part 2: Outline of the Survey Results


VII. Outlook on Life

3. Social mores

(1) Social mores
Q49  [HAND R CARD 44] What are your opinions about the following statements?
 (SINGLE ANSWER ONLY PER LINE)
a. It is wrong to bully the weak
b. One should keep promises
c. If one sees someone in need of help, one should help without being asked
d. One is free to do what one wants as long as it does not cause others trouble
  1. Agree
  2. Somewhat agree
  3. Somewhat disagree
  4. Disagree
  5. Do not know
  6. Refused

When asked for their feelings about four statements regarding social mores, the largest percentage of Japanese youth gave the response 'Agree' ("Agree" + "Somewhat agree") for "It is wrong to bully the weak, " at 97.9% (same as above: 85.8% + 12.1%). The other statements that elicited agreement from the majority were "One should keep promises, " at 98.9% (same as above: 80.6% + 18.3%), and "If one sees someone in need of help, one should help without being asked, " at 93.1% (same as above: 48.0% + 45.1%).

In contrast, "One is free to do what one wants as long as it does not cause others trouble" elicited the response 'Disagree' from 69.4% ("Disagree" 40.9% + "Somewhat disagree" 28.5%), which was almost 40 points greater than those giving 'Agree' (same as above: 8.5% + 21.4%).

Table 7-3-1-1: Social mores (Japan) < CSV Data >

Table 7-3-1-1: Social mores (Japan)

Comparing the five countries, the three statements "It is wrong to bully the weak, " "One should keep promises, " and "If one sees someone in need of help, one should help without being asked" all elicited 'Agree' responses from 80% or more, with there being no differences between countries.

In contrast, the statement "One is free to do what one wants as long as it does not cause others trouble" elicited the highest percentage of 'Agree' responses in France (93.4%). In the other countries, the order was the U.K. (90.9%), the U.S.A. (80.5%), South Korea (67.2%), and Japan (29.9%), a result that indicates a particularly striking difference between Japan and Europe/North America.

Table 7-3-1-2: Social mores: "It is wrong to bully the weak" (five-country comparison) < CSV Data >

Table 7-3-1-2: Social mores: "It is wrong to bully the weak" (five-country comparison)


Table 7-3-1-3: Social mores: "One should keep promises" (five-country comparison) < CSV Data >

Table 7-3-1-3: Social mores: "One should keep promises" (five-country comparison)


Table 7-3-1-4: Social mores: "If one sees someone in need of help, one should help without being asked"
                                                                  (five-country comparison) < CSV Data >

Table 7-3-1-4: Social mores: "If one sees someone in need of help, one should help without being asked"(five-country comparison)


Table 7-3-1-5: Social mores: "One is free to do what one wants as long as it does not cause others trouble"
                                                                  (five-country comparison) < CSV Data >

Table 7-3-1-5: Social mores: "One is free to do what one wants as long as it does not cause others trouble"(five-country comparison)

An analysis of Japanese youth by gender difference shows that there was no gender difference with regard to the three statements "It is wrong to bully the weak, " "One should keep promises, " and "If one sees someone in need of help, one should help without being asked." The statement "One is free to do what one wants as long as it does not cause others trouble" elicited 8 points more 'Agree' responses from males than females (males: 33.8%, females: 26.1%).

Table 7-3-1-6: Social mores: "It is wrong to bully the weak" (by gender) < CSV Data >

Table 7-3-1-6: Social mores: "It is wrong to bully the weak" (by gender)



Table 7-3-1-7: Social mores: "One should keep promises" (by gender) < CSV Data >

Table 7-3-1-7: Social mores: "One should keep promises" (by gender)



Table 7-3-1-8: Social mores: "If one sees someone in need of help, one should help without being asked"
                                                                                 (by gender) < CSV Data >

Table 7-3-1-8: Social mores: "If one sees someone in need of help, one should help without being asked" (by gender)



Table 7-3-1-9: Social mores: "One is free to do what one wants as long as it does not cause others trouble"
                                                                               (by gender) < CSV Data >

Table 7-3-1-9: Social mores: "One is free to do what one wants as long as it does not cause others trouble"(by gender)

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