Contents |Next

Part 1 Introduction

1 Objectives of this study

  One aim of this study is to gain an accurate understanding of the characteristic attitudes and problems of young people in Japan so as to contribute to the establishment of policies related to young people in the future. Another aim is to obtain basic data necessary for promoting mutual understanding between young people in different countries. The study thus examines the attitudes and outlooks with regard to many different aspects of the lives of young people of Japan and various other countries throughout the world, comparing the results among countries and examining changes over time.
  This survey has been implemented every five years since 1972, making this the seventh survey.

2 Items of the study

(1) Family
(2) School
(3) Job
(4) Friends
(5) Community/free time
(6) Nation and society
(7) View on life
(8) Other

3 Countries surveyed (5 countries)


Countries surveyed in the past are listed below:

Countries Surveyed from the First Survey to the Seventh
Countries Surveyed from the First Survey to the Seventh

4 Respondents

Youths: Those between the ages of 18 and 24 (inclusive) at the time of the survey

5 Survey period

Survey was conducted from February to June 2003.
Below is the list of the survey periods from the first survey to the sixth.
First survey...............October-November 1972
Second survey..........November 1977-January 1978
Third survey..............February-June 1983
Fourth survey............January-February and May-June 1988
Fifth survey...............February-June 1993
Sixth survey...............February-June 1998

6 Survey method

(1) Survey method
As a general rule, 1,000 samples were recovered for each country. This was done through individual interviews conducted by survey staff.

(2) Sampling method, etc.
The sampling method, the number of questionnaires recovered and the language used in the questionnaire for each country are as shown in the table below.
Countries Surveyed from the First Survey to the Seventh

(3) Details of the stratified two-stage random sampling in Japan
<Stratified random sampling>
Administrative units (prefectures, cities, towns and villages in the case of Japan) or regions are first divided into a number of parts or 'strata' according to some characteristic, chosen to be related to the major variables being studied. A representative number of subjects from various subgroups, which has been prorated according to the population size, is then randomly selected.

Rate of recovery
Rate of Recovery by Region
Rate of Recovery by Region

7 Population rate and sample recovery rate

The population rate and the sample recovery rate by gender and age are as shown in the table below.



Population rate and sample recovery rate
Reference: (    ) refers to each age



Population rate and sample recovery rate


Population rate and sample recovery rate

8 Survey implementation organizations

This survey was conducted and computed by the following research organizations.
JapanShin Joho Center, Inc.
U.S.A.Kane, Parsons & Associates, Inc.
GermanyMARPLAN Forschungsgesellschaft mbH.
SwedenInternational market research institute
KoreaGallup Korea Poll Ltd.

9 Planning and analysis commissioners

The following persons' cooperation was obtained implementing this survey.
Hidenori FujitaProfessor, Faculty of Arts, International Christian University
Shigeki ItoAssociate Professor, Teater Training Faculty of Letters,
Komazawa University
Yuko NakanishiAssociate Professor, Faculty of Sociology, Musashi University
Yuki HondaAssociate Professor, Interfaculty in Information Studies,
University of Tokyo
Kiyoshi MidookaProfessor, Department of Communication College of Culture and
Communication, Tokyo Woman's Christian University

10 Notes in reading this report

(1)Some of the questions in the survey on this occasion were changed from those used in past surveys. The changes are mentioned briefly in the main text and tables, and are also printed in full at the end of this volume.
(2)The questions used in this survey were changed greatly in the second survey. Comparisons over time therefore concern the second and later surveys. The tables at the end of the volume show the results of the second and later surveys.
(3)In order to make the contents of the questionnaires for other countries as close as possible to those of the Japanese questionnaire, since the sixth survey the Japanese has been translated directly into each of the other languages. For the surveys prior to the sixth, the Japanese questionnaire was first translated into English and then the English version was translated into the respective languages.
(4)In order to present the survey results concisely, this report mainly discusses the results of the Japanese survey along with comparisons between the genders, comparisons with previous years and comparisons with the results of other countries' surveys.
(5)The response rates were rounded to the first decimal point, meaning that they may not add up to exactly 100.0%. In the same manner, in the case where sub-totals are computed by adding up each individual section, the total of the response rates of each section may not correspond to the subtotals.
(6)In the main text, when differences in the response rates are quoted as being a certain number of 'percentage points,' numbers are rounded to the nearest integer.
(7)The meanings of the symbols used in the main text, figures and tables are as follows.
 n:The number of respondents who answered the question. This is the base number used when calculating the response rates and shows how many persons the total of '100%' corresponds to.
 0.0:There were respondents who gave this answer but so few that when rounding the response rate to the first decimal point it became 0.0.
 -:There were no respondents who gave this answer.


Contents |Next