WHITE PAPER
ON TRAFFIC SAFETY IN JAPAN 2018
Abridged Edition

To the Japanese page

Cover (PDF:11KB)open pdf in a new window
Table of contents (PDF:47KB)open pdf in a  new window

Special Feature
Efforts Made for Traffic Safety Leveraging Advanced Technologies

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  • Introduction
  • 1 Necessity of Advanced Technologies for Traffic Safety Measures
    1. Recent road traffic accident situation
    2. Status of Rescue and Emergency Activities at the Time of a Traffic Accident
    3. Need for advanced technology
  • 2 Efforts on Advanced Technologies by both Public and Private Sectors
    1. Initiatives on automatic driving
    2. Efforts utilizing Safe Driving Support System
    3. Efforts utilizing ITS (Intelligent Transport Systems)
    4. Measures for community roads utilizing big data
    5. Efforts on Help system for Emergency Life saving and Public safety (HELP), Automatic Collision Notification (ACN) system, and Advanced Automatic Collision Notification (AACN) system
  • 3 Aiming for a Society without Traffic Accidents

I FY2017 Situation of Traffic Accidents and Current Situation of Measures for Traffic Safety

Title 1 Land Transport

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Part 1 Road Transport

Chapter 1 Road Traffic Accident Trends
  1. Long-Term Transition of Road Traffic Accidents
  2. Road Traffic Accident Conditions during 2017
    • Overall Condition
    • Number of Fatalities and Injuries in Traffic Accidents by Road User Group
    • Number of Fatalities and the Number of Injuries in Traffic Accidents by Age Group
    • Number of fatalities in traffic accidents by age group and by road user group per a population of 100,000
    • Number of Fatalities with or without the Use of Seat belt
    • Number of Fatalities with or without the Use of Child seats
Chapter 2 Overview of Current Road Traffic Safety Measures
  1. Improvement of Road Traffic Environment
    • Development in Pedestrian-First Walking Spaces Offering Safety and Security on Community Roads
    • Promotion of Traffic Safety Measures in Arterial Roads
    • Comprehensive Development of the Bicycle Usage Environment
    • Use of Intelligent Transport Systems
  2. Dissemination and Reinforcement of Traffic Safety
    • Promotion of stepwise and systematic road safety education
    • Promotion of Traffic Safety Education for the Elderly
    • Promotion of the Safe Use of Bicycles
  3. Ensuring Safe Driving
    • Promotion of Measures for Elderly Drivers
    • Promotion of Safety Measures Based on Safety Plan of Business Vehicle
    • Establishment of Transport Safety Management System
  4. Ensuring Vehicle Safety Measures
    • Promotion of Development and Dissemination of Advanced Safety Vehicles (ASV) including Automatic Driving Technology which Contributes to Safety
  5. Development of Rescue and Emergency Medical Systems
    • Promotion of the “Doctor-Helicopter Project”
    • Augmentation of Fire Department and Collaborative Systems for Medical Agencies

Part 2 Railway Transport

Chapter 1 Railway Traffic Accident Trends
  1. Operational Accidents over Recent Years
Chapter 2 Overview of Current Railway Traffic Safety Measures
  1. Improvement of Railway Environment
    • Improving Operational Safety Devices
    • Strengthening of the Earthquake Resistance of Railway Structure
    • Promotion of measures to improve safety at station platforms
  2. Dissemination of Knowledge about the Safety of Rail Traffic
  3. Ensuring the Safe Operation of Railways
    • Retaining the Quality of Train Operators
    • Sharing and Use of Trouble Information on Safety
    • Appropriate Response in Cases of Large-Scale Accident Occurrence
    • Enhancement of Transport Safety Management System
  4. Measures for Traffic Safety in Railroad Crossings
    • Current status of measures for prevention of accidents at railroad crossings

Title 2 Maritime Transport

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Chapter 1 Maritime Accident Trends
  1. Current status of maritime accidents
  2. Maritime Accidents and Rescues during 2017
Chapter 2 Current Maritime Traffic Safety Measures
  1. Improvement of Maritime Traffic Environment
    • Improvement of Traffic Safety Facilities
  2. Dissemination of Knowledge Regarding Maritime Transport Safety
    • Raising Awareness of the Prevention of Maritime Accidents
  3. Ensuring Safe Operation of Boats and Ships
    • Prevention of human Errors
    • Strengthening of Supervision for Passenger Ship Operators
    • Promotion of Transport Safety Management Assessment
  4. Enhancing Safety Measures for Small Boats
    • Promote safety measures for pleasure boats

Title 3 Air Transport

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Chapter 1 Air Traffic Accident Trends
  1. Aircraft Accidents in Recent Years
  2. Incidents Related to Air Traffic Safety during 2017
    • Safety Issues Involving Air Carriers
Chapter 2 Overview of Current Air Traffic Safety Measures
  1. Further Promotion of Aviation Safety Program
    • Strengthening SMS (Safety Management System) in service providers
  2. Ensuring Safe Operation of Aircraft
    • Development of operation standards for ensuring safe operations
    • Enhancement and Strengthening of the Transport Safety Management System
  3. Ensuring Aircraft Safety
    • Improvement of Technical Standards of Maintenance and Inspection of Aircraft
  4. Maintaining the Air Traffic Environment
    • Promotion of Measures against Runway Incursion

II FY 2018 Plans of Measures Regarding Traffic Safety

Part 1 Measures Regarding the Safety of Land Transport

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Chapter 1 Measures Regarding Road Transport Safety
  1. Improvement of the Road Traffic Environment
  2. Dissemination and Reinforcement of Traffic Safety
  3. Ensuring Safe Driving
  4. Ensuring Vehicle Safety Measures
  5. Improvements of Rescue and Emergency Medical System
Chapter 2 Measures Regarding Railway Transport Safety
  1. Improvement of Railway Environment
  2. Ensuring the Safe Operation of Railway

Part 2 Measures Regarding Maritime Transport Safety

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  1. Improvement of Maritime Traffic Environment
  2. Ensuring Safe Operations of Ship
  3. Enhancing Safety Measures for Small Boats

Part 3 Measures Regarding Air Transport Safety

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  1. Further Promotion of Aviation Safety Program
  2. Ensuring Safe Operations of Aircraft
  3. Ensuring Aircraft Safety

Topics

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  • Measures to Prevent Head-on Collision on Expressways
  • Revision of the maximum speed regulation on expressways
  • Enforcement of the Bicycle Use Promotion Act
  • Traffic Accident Prevention Measures for Pupils and Students
  • Measures for the prevention of accidents of foreign tourists visiting Japan
  • Efforts by Volunteers for Traffic Safety
  • Traffic Safety Forum
  • Ordinances related to Traffic Safety Measures enacted in Prefectures (and Ordinance Designated Cities) in 2017
  • Newly Established Driving License for Semi-Medium Sized Motor Vehicles
  • Measures for the Prevention of Traffic Accidents of Elderly Drivers
  • Efforts for Traffic Safety using Drive Recorders
  • Measures taken in the wake of the Karuizawa Ski Bus accident
  • Strengthening and expansion of the Transport Safety Management System after 10 years of establishment
  • Measures against the use of mobile phone, etc. while driving (Including measures against “texting and looking at smartphone” while driving)
  • Measures against “Reckless Driving”
  • Holding of “Symposium for Supporting Children who lost their Families in Traffic Accidents”
  • Measures for the Prevention of Fall Accidents at Station Platforms
    ~ A follow-up overview of the interim report (December 2016) of the “Review meeting for the improvement in safety performance at station platforms” ~
  • Safety Measures for Small Ships
  • Establishment of the Recommended Sea Lane off the West Coast of the Izu Oshima Island
  • Revised Civil Aeronautics Act on Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Review of Future System

[Explanatory notes]

  1. As a rule, items less than the unit of the diagram are rounded off. Therefore, in some cases, total figure and total of breakdown will not match.
  2. When there is no special declination regarding number of fatalities in road traffic accidents, it is called as 24 hour death toll.