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参考資料7-7 国家障害者戦略(NDS)2010-2020 (部分訳)

2010-2020 National Disability Strategy217

Reporting to the United Nations

The Strategy will help ensure that the principles underpinning the CRPD are incorporated into policies and programs affecting people with disability, their families and carers.

The CRPD is unique in that it is both a human rights instrument and a development instrument which aims to redress the social disadvantage of people with disability. It is also a policy instrument which is cross-sectoral and cross-disability, and requires the development of a framework to promote and monitor implementation.

The six policy areas of the Strategy are aligned to the articles of the CRPD and were agreed following substantial consultation. The consultation received a large number of submissions and a high level of community engagement, reflected in the publication of Shut Out: The Experience of People with Disabilities and their Families in Australia. The document is available at

本戦略の6つの政策領域は国連障害者権利条約の条文にそっており、実質的な協議に従い合意された。協議は多くの提案とコミュニティからの高い関与を受け、Shut Out: The Experience of People with Disabilities and their Families in Australiaという形で公表している。この文書は以下において入手可能である。


For the purposes of this Strategy, the term ‘people with disability’ refers to people with all kinds of impairment from birth or acquired through illness, accident or the ageing process. It includes cognitive impairment as well as physical, sensory and psycho-social disability. There is a more detailed definition of disability in the Disability Discrimination Act 1992 (Cwlth).

Carers in this context refers to all those who provide care, support and assistance to a person with disability as a family member, friend, neighbour or work colleague. Many people with disability are carers too. The National Carer Strategy will address carer issues more specifically and is expected to be released during 2011.


Implementing the Strategy will assist governments in meeting their obligations under the following:

  • United Nations Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities
  • National Disability Agreement
  • Disability Discrimination Act 1992 (Cwlth) and related disability standards
  • Disability Services Act 1986 (Cwlth) and complementary legislation
  • Equal Employment Opportunity legislation
  • Other State/Territory legislation including the Australian Capital Territory and Victorian
  • Charters of human rights
  • Public Service Acts.


  • 国連障害者権利条約
  • 国家障害者協定
  • 1992年連邦障害者差別禁止法と関連する障害者規範
  • 1986年連邦障害者サービス法とそれを補完する法律
  • 雇用機会均等法
  • オーストラリア首都特別地域とヴィクトリア州を含む、ほかの州/地域の法律
  • 人権憲章
  • 公務法

Governments in Australia are committed to taking action in accordance with this Strategy and to provide leadership for the broader community towards the shared vision of an inclusive Australian society that enables people with disability to fulfil their potential as equal citizens.
The Strategy provides a framework to guide policies and program development by all levels of government and actions by the whole community over the next ten years. COAG will oversee implementation and monitor progress in the six policy areas.


Implementation Plan

In the first year of the Strategy, the focus will be on the development of an implementation plan that will include mainstream policy areas identified in the Strategy. Areas for future action will be prioritised in collaboration with people with disability and other key stakeholders through the mechanisms below. The first year report of the Strategy will set out the implementation plan, including timelines that take into account the areas of greatest need within each jurisdiction.

Governance Arrangements

The Community and Disability Services Ministers are responsible for driving implementation of the Strategy with support from Ministers in other portfolios who may act as champions for disability issues, such as those dealing with health or education.

Community and Disability Services Ministers will report to COAG after the first 12 months and then every two years including specific reports from champion Ministers on their respective elements.

The existing National Disability Strategy Development Officials Working Group (DOWG) will support the Community and Disability Services Ministers in the implementation of the Strategy. DOWG membership includes representation from departments with responsibility for specialist disability services and central agencies in each jurisdiction.

Stakeholder Engagement

Governments implementing the Strategy will work collaboratively with people with disability and their representative organisations, their families and carers, communities, unions, businesses, service providers, advocacy and other organisations in the development of programs, policies and systems that affect people with disability. The Australian Human Rights Commission will have an important role in ensuring the Strategy upholds the human rights of people with disability.

States and Territories and the Commonwealth each have arrangements in place to engage with people with disability, families, carers, service providers and others representing varied interests and views. These and other forums and disability people’s organisations will be engaged in the implementation of the Strategy in each jurisdiction. The Commonwealth will work closely with the National People with Disabilities and Carer Council on the implementation of the national elements of the Strategy.

The chairs or representatives of the State and Territory and national disability advisory bodies will be invited to meet with officials on an annual basis for discussion on policy priorities and progress of the Strategy.

Ministers with responsibility for disability issues will also hold a national forum with stakeholders in conjunction with each two-yearly report on the Strategy. Additional roundtables or forums will be held on specific topics once the engagement details have been developed and as the need arises during the implementation of the Strategy.

Monitoring and Reporting

Monitoring and reporting progress against the Strategy is vital to ensure that life is improving for Australians with disability. The Strategy also provides a mechanism to contribute to the reporting requirements under the CRPD.

An important initiative of the Strategy is the introduction of a high level report to track progress for people with disability at a national level. The report will be prepared every two years and will use national trend indicator data based on the six outcome areas of the Strategy. The proposed indicators reflect data that is currently available, largely through Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) population surveys such as the Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers (SDAC), Australian Bureau of Statistics Household Expenditure Survey (HES), ABS General Social Survey (GSS), ABS Australian Health Survey and Survey of Education and Training (SET); and through data collected under existing National Agreements.
当該戦略の重要なイニシアチブは、国家レベルで、障害者のための進捗を追うための高次(high level)報告を導入することである。この報告は2年ごとに作成され、当該戦略の6つの成果領域に基づく国内動向指標データを利用する。提案されている指標は現在利用できるデータを反映しており、オーストラリア統計局(ABS)の障害者、年齢、介護統計のような人口統計、オーストラリア統計局消費支出実態調査、オーストラリア統計局の一般社会調査、オーストラリア統計局のオーストラリア健康調査、そして教育・職業訓練調査などを大部分では用いて、また現在の国家の協定のもと集められたデータを用いている。

Over time, more comprehensive and appropriate performance indicators including baselines could be identified along with the processes needed to collect and analyse the data. For example the draft indicators below for Personal and Community Support, drawn from the NDA, relate to service output rather than outcomes for people with disability.

The population and other national data on which the indicators are based become available at different intervals, so the reporting will be aligned with the availability of new data. This may mean that a number of the indicators are reported every second reporting period.

Wherever possible, indicators will be disaggregated to include specific information:

  • broad categories of impairment (self care, mobility and communication)
  • gender
  • children
  • Indigenous people
  • people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds.


  • 機能的障害[impairment]の広範なカテゴリー(セルフケア、可動性、コミュニケーション)
  • ジェンダー
  • 子供
  • 先住民
  • 文化的・言語的に多様なバックグラウンドを有する人々

The draft indicators will be subject to consultations in the first year of the Strategy with people with disability, their families and carers, organisations, experts and governments, to ensure that the measures reflect areas that really matter in improving outcomes for people with disability.

217 http://www.dss.gov.au/sites/default/files/documents/05_2012/national_disability_strategy_2010_2020.pdf(PDF形式:845KB)別ウィンドウで開きます

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